조선시대 신덕왕후(神德王后) 부묘론(부廟論)의 의의 : Discussions over the issue of Enshrining the Late Queen Shindeok Wanghu/神德王后 in the National Shrine, and the Meanings of those Discussions which continued during the Joseon dynasty period

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서울대학교 인문대학 인문학연구원
인문논총, Vol.54, pp. 288-333
The Joseon dynasty was a country which prioritized values such as just causes
and moral obligations above anything else, and that can be seen from the
dynastys accepting of Neo-Confucianism as the central ideology of the country.
But during the early days of the dynasty, several issues that had clashed with
such position of the government had occurred, and became a controversy. One
of the earliest incidents that occurred at the time, and involved the Royal family
members, was the incident in which Queen Shindeok Wanghu, the second
wife(繼妃) of the Founder King Taejo, was denied the honor of being enshrined
in the National shrine with her husband, and instead stripped of her rank and
condemned(廢陵). This stripping and condemnation was an ongoing process
which continued during the reigns of Kings Taejong and Saejong.
Then later, during the reign of King Seonjo, when Sarim/士林 politics were
finally established and entered a stabilized phase, the agenda of reinstating the
late Queen Shindeok Wanghu and enshrining her in the National shrine was first
suggested after a very long time. Yet the suggestion was rejected and postponed
for a review for an indefinite time being, even though the agenda was
supported by many people at the time.
After the dynasty suffered two catastrophic warfares, restoring the ruling
structure of the dynasty became the most critical priority of the Joseon dynasty,
and in order to support such cause, concepts like just deeds and moral
obligations were promoted as the most important and honorable values of all
time. At the same time the prospect of successfully launching a campaign
against the Northern Qing dynasty was significantly diminishing, and therefore
the public support of the idea that the Joseon should remain loyal to the late
Chinese Ming dynasty and serve as a guardian of those spirits naturally
increased. This kind of atmosphere led to a series of discussions over issues
such as establishing and demonstrating the governments position and ideas of
the Legitimacy cause through governmental features such as the National
Shrine, and the age-old issue regarding the enshrinement of the late Queen
Shindeok Wanghu finally resurfaced. The discussion was triggered essentially
when Song Shi Yeol/宋時烈 suggested to reopen this case for further discussion
in 1669(10th year of King Hyeongjongs reign), and the talks were led by the
Seoin/西人 politicians and scholars inside the government. The discussion later
came to include other governmental officials and also the students at the Taehak
institute, and resulted in the eventual enshrinement of Queen Shindeok Wanghu
in the National Shrine.
This was indeed a monumental case, considering how this case affected the
discussions of the Legitimacy issues regarding the National Shrine that continued
later on.
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원)Journal of humanities (인문논총)Journal of Humanities vol.54 (2005) (인문논총)
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