S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원) Journal of humanities (인문논총) Journal of Humanities vol.57 (2007) (인문논총)
정조의 세자 책례(冊禮) 시행에 나타난 군사(君師) 이념
The Ideology of 'Gunsa/(Master King)', mirrored in the Investiture ceremony held for the crown prince of King Jeongjo
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 인문대학 인문학연구원
- 인문논총, Vol.57, pp. 271-298
- King jeongjo kept delaying the crown prince's ceremony of investiture, until January the 24th year of his reign when he decided to hold the ceremony for the crown prince who became 11 that year. jeongjo cited the instruction from the ancestors as the one which prompted his decision to hold the ceremony, and cited the necessity of 'unity, in order to secure the consent of the vassals. Jeongjo decided to hold the investiture ceremony, along with the coming-of-age ceremony and the 'auspicious' ceremony. The decision was a fairly intentional one, and it was basically to remove the ceremony of 'entrance to school' from the entire process. It was also the reason why the investiture ceremony was delayed for such a long time. The ceremony of school entrance and education of the crown prince, were all handled by the Ganghak-cheong office for the time being.
In the time before, the ceremony of entrance to school was perceived as a ceremony which officialized the status of the person who was going to be named as successor to the throne, and it had the meaning of that entity, as part of the royal family, going through necessary steps of studying the teachings of noble saints, which was required of the successor to the throne, by the vassals. In response to such notion, King Jeongjo considered taking such step as having the royal authority of the King defined by the vassals(who were basically subjects of the King), so he decided to eliminate the ceremonial occasion based upon such notion from the entire ceremonial process that involved the crown prince. And in doing so, King Jeongjo made it clear that he considered the King's authority more important than the order of steps that should be taken in educating the crown prince. All these efforts basically signaled the fact that the King and the successor were going to promote themselves as Master Kings(Gunsa), and take the leading role in realizing the cause of righteousness in the relationship between the King and the vassals.