S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.11 (2002)
일본의 '새로운 아시아주의': 그 사회경제적 기반과 성격
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국제학연구소
- 국제지역연구, Vol.11 No.1, pp. 65-90
- This paper analyses the socio-economic basis of Japanese "New Asianism (NA)" caused after the 1990s. To sum up, the results of this analysis are as below.
First, NA is defined as the trend of diplomatic ideas that lowers the significance of the strategic alliance between U.S. and Japan in the post-war era, and regards Asian region as a focal strategic option of Japan.
Second, NA is characterized by the following: ① it stems from the ideas of "economic nationalism," intending to maintain Japan in the position of global economic power and to maximize her own national interests through regional economic integration, ② its actual, nearly complete representation is the type of so called "ribeinyua(離米入亞), which means "gradually separating Japan from U.S. influence and, putting Japan in Asia," ③ it includes two logically rival understandings on the scope of "Asian region" based on different attitudes to China, and ④ it is grounded on a Neo-Mercantilist ideas, the so called "flying geese model" that places Japan in structurally salient position apart from Asia in the hierarchy of Asian division of labor, and includes intention to change Asian region to an exclusive market or overseas production base of Japanese industries.
Third, NA is established by the following three international conditions: ①
Japan"s strategic response to rapid neoliberal globalization, ② the mismatch and the strengthening conflict in the level of governments" or ruling parties" orientation between U.S. and Japan ③ the restricted political options of Asian countries and their growing reliance on Japan"s proactive supportive role during Asian economic crisis.
Finally, NA has its own socio-economic basis, the support of Japanese industries and the structural effect of international networks of Japanese industries. In the point of industries" support, ①the actual integration of Asian region by a huge sum of Japanese foreign direct investment(FDI) and immense financing of Japanese private banks in 1980s and 1990s gave rise to the general trends of NA in Japanese domestic politics, ② NA evolves to the concrete policies, "the internationalization of Yen" and "Free Trade Agreements", by distinct demands on institutionalization of economic integration from the overall leading industries, followed by the "more harmed industries" , i.e., steel, automobile, chemistry, and machinery for minimizing the risk of global economy in the situation of Asian economic crisis. Furthermore, the structure of intra vertical networks of Japanese industries between Japan and Asian region, formed in the mid 1990s, influence NA to strengthen its Neo-Mercantilist nature.