S-Space Researcher Institutes (연구소) College of Natural Sciences (자연과학대학) Center for Theoretical Physics(이론물리학연구소)
Capsaicin inhibits platelet-activating factor-induced cytosolic Ca2+ rise and superoxide production.
- Choi, Se-Young; Ha, Hyunjung; Kim, Kyong-Tai
- Issue Date
- American Association of Immunologists
- The Journal of Immunology, 165: 3992
- Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is an important participant in the inflammatory process. We studied the regulation of PAF activity
by capsaicin in human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Capsaicin inhibited PAF-induced superoxide production in a
concentration-dependent manner. In addition to PAF, the fMLP- and extracellular ATP-induced superoxide productions were inhibited
by capsaicin, whereas PMA-induced superoxide production was not affected. In the PAF-stimulated cytosolic Ca21 increase, capsaicin
inhibited in particular the sustained portion of the raised Ca21 level without attenuation of the peak height. In the absence of
extracellular Ca21, the PAF-induced Ca21 elevation was not inhibited by capsaicin because capsaicin only inhibited the Ca21 influx
from the extracellular space. In addition, capsaicin did not affect PAF-induced inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate production, suggesting that
phospholipase C activation by PAF is not affected by capsaicin. Store-operated Ca21 entry (SOCE) induced by thapsigargin was
inhibited by capsaicin in a concentration-dependent manner. This capsaicin effect was also observed on thapsigargin-induced Ba21 and
Mn21 influx. Furthermore, capsaicin’s inhibitory effect on the thapsigargin-induced Ca21 rise overlapped with that of SK&F96365, an
inhibitor of SOCE. Both capsaicin and SK&F96365 also inhibited PAF-induced cytosolic superoxide generation in HL-60 cells
differentiated by all-trans-retinoic acid. Our data suggest that capsaicin exerts its anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting SOCE elicited
via PLC activation, which occurs upon PAF activation and results in the subsequent superoxide production.
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