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미·소 군정기(1945~1948) 서울과 평양의 극장연구
A Study on the Theater during Military Government(1945~1948) and Its Implications for modernity

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Authors
이명자
Issue Date
2009
Publisher
Institute for peace and unification studies(서울대학교 통일평화연구소)
Citation
Journal of peace and unification studies, Vol.2, pp. 199-230
Keywords
theatermilitary government period (1945~1948)Soviet military governmentprojecting practicesU.S. military governmentreturn propertiesmodernity
Abstract
This study analyzed the comparison of the problems to deal with JeokSan
Theater(return properties) which was at the center of heated debate in
relation to the theater policies in South and North Koreas at the time of the
military government through the theater where was the space of the
formation of policies, industries and cultures, the films which were projected
in theaters in Seoul and Pyeongyang, and the projecting method, and the
implication.
During U.S. military government period, the theaters in Seoul amounted
to 18 theaters by increasing gradually from 16 theaters. Here, the theaters
were the spaces where plays, musical dramas, entertainments along with
films were shown, and the screening rates of foreign films were high. U.S.
movies in also foreign films occupied the theaters by being distributed
almost exclusively through Central Film Distributor which U.S. military
government established. U.S. movies of action, melo, comedies, which were
selected as the movies suitable for the occupying nation, played a
prominent part in organizing its own countrys image - the strong and
beautiful U.S. - which U.S. wanted to spread to foreign countries.
During Soviet military government, the theaters in Pyeongyang increased
gradually after starting with 6 theaters. Though plays, musical dramas, operas were shown simultaneously in the theaters as well as in South
Korea, the concept of a movie theater and a performance hall began to be
separated gradually. when the movie supply from South Korea was blocked
because of the 38th parallel, Soviet movies occupied most theaters in
Pyeongyang. Soviet movies showed the results of socialist modernization
such as Soviet change after socialism, kolkhoz, cooperative labor,
industrialization.
Under the influence of U.S. military government and U.S. culture, South
Korea got more deeply in competition and capitalization, and got used
gradually to U.S. culture every day through U.S. movies. In contrast to the
theaters in South Korea placed on the market principle of capitalism, the
theaters in North Korea gave commercial activities a wide berth according
as they were nationalized and focused on the role of the culture under
socialism which Soviet required. The images of U.S. and Soviet which the
movies showed became a barometer for people in Korea to image the
modern national culture.
ISSN
2092-500x
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/61850
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Researcher Institutes (연구소)Institute for Peace and Unification Studies (통일평화연구원)Journal of peace and unification studies (통일과 평화)Journal of peace and unification studies (통일과 평화) no.02 (2009)
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