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The assessment of the importance of agricultural growth for poverty reduction in Indonesia

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Authors
Tambunan, Tulus
Issue Date
2009-07
Publisher
Institute of Economic Research, Seoul National University
Citation
Seoul Journal of Economics, Vol.22 No.3, pp. 341-373
Keywords
Green revolutionAgricultural growthPoverty reductionPoor households
Abstract
Although poverty is generally recognized as a highly multidimensional

phenomenon, in the Indonesian context, poverty has

been mainly an agricultural or a rural phenomenon. This has of

course an important policy implication for poverty reduction in

Indonesia. This paper examines the importance of agricultural

growth for poverty reduction in Indonesia. It shows that: (i)

agriculture is still the biggest employment-generating sector; (ii)

the vast majority of poor families are in agriculture, consisting

mainly of the marginal farmers and agricultural laborers; (iii)

poverty in agriculture is caused by many factors, including lack or

unequal distribution of land, and lack of capital; (iv) growth in

gross domestic product (GDP) has an impact on poverty reduction;

and (v) the decomposition of changes in poverty by sector shows

that the output growth in agriculture appears to have the greater

effect on the change in poverty than that in manufacturing, though

it is lower than that in services.
ISSN
1225-0279
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/67708
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute of Economics Research (경제연구소)Seoul Journal of Economics (SJE)Seoul Journal of Economics vol.22 no.1~4 (2009)
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