S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.51 (2010)
경자양안 연구의 현황과 과제
The Present Status and Problem of the Study on Gyongjayangan in the latter part of Joseon
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.51, pp. 133-150
- Gyongjayangan; land ownership; registering form; Consciousness of land ownership; land registers
- The Joseon government surveyed by law the national land every 20 years. But
From the Japauese iuvasion (1592-1598) uutil before the Land Survey (1898-1904) the
central government had only surveyed it three times. Among them a laud register
surveyed in 1720 remains. It is called Gyongjayangan. It reflects the laud surveying
aud registering method of the society then aud the real state of laud ownership. It
was the real state of laud ownership that was first noticed. It was recognized as the
material which reflected the differentiating form of laud ownership accordiug status.
With the deepening of the research, the registering method of owners in
Gyongjayangan, neglected in previous studies was deeply researched. As a result,
the practices of registering servauts iustead were identified. This raised the need to
review the materials of Gyongjayangan. In recent years comprehensive reviews of
various aspects were made. The point of research is as follows.
Above all, the subject aud purpose of promoting laud survey were aualyzed. The
political forces that propelled it were Noron, aud the opposition forces Namin. The
purpose of propelling it was to increase the land tax and overcome the chronic
Next, the aualysis of registering form is a importaut research. In particular, it is
noteworthy that the term pointing to the owner in register book reflects the
consciousness of laud ownership of the society. This shows the possibility that the
registering form will be likely to be interpreted as a cultural history.
The methods to research reality of laud ownership have also chauged, which is
to analyze laud registers with the help of various materials such as pedigrees and
agricultural mauagement documents. In the future the new aualyzing methods will be explored according to the research results of registering form.
As mentioned above, the studies on Gyongjayangan deepened considerably in
recent years and raised new challenges. New approachs are being explored beyond
simple statistical analysis and interpretation of its meaning change from the
dimension of socio-economic history to that of socio-r culutrual history.