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Implications of Koreas Saemaul Undong for International Development Policy: A Structural Perspective

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Authors
Kwon, Huck-ju
Issue Date
2010
Publisher
Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University
Citation
Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol.25 No.3, pp. 87-100
Keywords
Saemaul Undongcommunity movementland reformsocial inclusiondevelopment
Abstract
Development strategies based on neoliberal theories and good governance
have failed to achieved clear outcomes. This paper examines the Saemaul
Undong movement in Korea with the contention that it can provide a missing
link between market- and state-oriented development policy. Saemaul Undong
contributed to social and economic development in Korea not only as a self-help
community movement but also as a mechanism of social inclusion. Its success
was based on a social structure that was made more open to upward mobility by
the land reform of the 1950s. A negative aspect of Saemaul Undong is that it
was promoted by the government to mobilize political support for authoritarian
President Park Chung Hee. In order to draw policy implications from Saemaul
Undong for international development, it is necessary to consider the social and
political context of the developing countries under consideration.
ISSN
1225-5017
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/73195
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총)Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총) vol.25(3) (2010)
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