Expression of Leukemia-Associated Antigen, JL1, in Bone Marrow and Thymus
- Shin, Young Kee; Choi, Eun Young; Kim, Seok Hyung; Chung, Junho; Chung, Doo Hyun; Park, Weon Seo; Jung, Kyeong Cheon; Kim, Heung Sik; Park, Seonyang; Kim, Hee Jin; Park, Myoung Hee; Min, Chang Ki; Kim, Chun Choo; Park, Seong Hoe
- Issue Date
- Am J Pathol; Vol.158(4); pp.1473–1480
- The identification of immunophenotypic markers with restricted expression has long been a critical issue in diagnostic and therapeutic advances for acute leukemias. We previously developed a monoclonal antibody against a new thymocyte surface antigen,
JL1, and showed that JL1 is expressed in the majority of acute leukemia cases. In this study, using multiparameter flow cytometric analyses, we found that JL1 was uniquely expressed in subpopulations of normal
bone marrow (BM) cells, implying the association of JL1 with the differentiation and maturation process. Although CD341 CD101 lymphoid precursors and some of maturing myeloid cells express JL1, neither CD341 CD382/lo nor CD341 AC1331 noncommitted
pluripotent stem cells do. As for the myeloid precursors, CD341 CD331 cells do not express JL1. During lymphopoiesis, JL1 on the earliest lymphoid precursors disappear in the CD201 sIgM1 stage of B-cell development or after CD1a down-regulation in thymocytes. Despite the highly restricted expression of JL1 in normal BM cells, most of the leukemias express JL1 irrespective of their immunophenotypes. These results indicate that JL1 is not only a novel differentiation antigen of hematopoietic cells, but also a leukemia-associated antigen. Therefore, we suggest that
JL1 be a candidate molecule in acute leukemia for the diagnosis and immunotherapy that spares the normal BM stem cells.
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