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Periodontal Repair in Dogs: Evaluation of a Bioabsorbable Space-Providing Macro-Porous Membrane with Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2

Cited 70 time in Web of Science Cited 81 time in Scopus
Authors
Wikesjö, Ulf M.E.; Lim, Won Hee; Thomson, Robert C.; Cook, Alonzo D.; Wozney, John M.; Hardwick, W. Ross
Issue Date
2003-05
Publisher
American Academy of Periodontology
Citation
J Periodontol 2003;74:635-647
Keywords
Alveolar ridge augmentationanimal studiesbone regenerationmembranes, barriermembranes, bioabsorbableperiodontal attachmentwound healing
Abstract
Background: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) technologies have been shown to significantly support alveolar bone formation. Biomaterial limitations, however, have restricted the biologic potential for onlay indications. The objective of this study was to evaluate regeneration of alveolar bone and periodontal attachment, and biomaterials reaction following surgical implantation of a spaceproviding, bioabsorbable, macroporous, polyglycolic acid-trimethylene carbonate (PGA-TMC) membrane combined with a rhBMP-2 construct in a discriminating onlay defect model.

Methods: Routine supraalveolar periodontal defects were created at the mandibular premolar teeth in 9 beagle dogs. Contralateral jaw quadrants in subsequent animals were randomly assigned to receive the domeshaped PGA-TMC (100 to 120 μm pores) membrane with rhBMP-2 (0.2 mg/mL) in a bioresorbable hyaluronan (Hy) carrier or the PGA-TMC membrane with Hy alone (control). The gingival flaps were advanced to submerge the membranes and teeth and sutured. Animals were euthanized at 8 and 24 weeks postsurgery for histologic observations.

Results: Jaw quadrants receiving the PGA-TMC membrane alone experienced exposures at various time points throughout the study. Jaw quadrants receiving the PGA-TMC/rhBMP-2 combination remained intact, although one site experienced a late minor exposure. Newly formed alveolar bone approached and became incorporated into the macroporous PGA-TMC membrane in sites receiving rhBMP-2. The PGA-TMC biomaterial was occasionally associated with a limited inflammatory reaction. Residual PGA-TMC could not be observed at 24 weeks postsurgery. Residual Hy could not be observed at any time interval. Regeneration of alveolar bone height (means ± SD) was significantly increased in sites receiving the PGA-TMC/rhBMP 2 combination compared to control (3.8 ± 1.3 versus 0.7 ± 0.5 mm at 8 weeks and 4.6 ± 0.8 versus 2.1 ± 0.4 mm at 24 weeks; P <0.05). Limited cementum regeneration was observed for PGA-TMC/rhBMP-2 and PGA-TMC control sites. Ankylosis compromised regeneration in sites receiving PGA-TMC/rhBMP-2.

Conclusions: The bioabsorbable, space-providing, macroporous PGA-TMC membrane appears to be compatible biomaterial for bone augmentation procedures. rhBMP-2 significantly enhances alveolar bone augmentation and soft tissue healing when combined with the PGA-TMC membrane.
ISSN
0022-3492
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/73598
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2003.74.5.635
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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