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Distribution, density, and habitat use of the Korean water deer (Hydropotes inermis argyropus) in Korea

Cited 18 time in Web of Science Cited 20 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Baek-Jun; Oh, Dae-Hyun; Chun, Seung-Hoon; Lee, Sang-Don
Issue Date
2011-07
Publisher
SPRINGER TOKYO
Citation
LANDSCAPE AND ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING; Vol.7 2; 291-297
Keywords
Distribution mapElevationFecesTransect-line censusHabitat useHabitat type
Abstract
Water deer (Hydropotes inermis) belong to the genus Hydropotes, which is ecologically well adapted for environments ranging from desert to forest. Water deer tend to occupy the richest areas between forest and grasslands. There are two distinct subspecies in far East Asia: one in China (H. inermis inermis), and the other in Korea (H. inermis argyropus). Despite being listed as vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, little is known about the water deer. The species occurs in most areas of the Korean peninsula, except for Seoul and Jeju Island. Kyunggi Province near Seoul showed the lowest rate (56%) due to urbanization. There was a high difference in their presence between inland (81%) and coastal (60%) areas . In addition, large cities (67%) showed much lower rates than did rural areas (83%) where human population size is relatively low. Water deer are distributed differently based on habitat type, with differences in mean density observed among lowland (6.93 ind./km(2)), mountainous (1.91), and urban (1.27) areas. There was also a difference in mean density between low-elevation and high-elevation areas. Finally, whereas the deer preferred landscapes with 20A degrees-25A degrees of slope and broadleaf forest (P < 0.01), they did not avoid areas with other types of slopes and habitats.
ISSN
1860-1871
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/75103
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11355-010-0127-y
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Architecture and Architectural Engineering (건축학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_건축학과)
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