S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Laboratory Medicine (검사의학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_검사의학전공)
Circulating hepatocyte growth factor as an independent prognostic factor of disseminated intravascular coagulation
- Chung, Soie; Kim, Ji-Eun; Lee, Dong Soon; Kim, Ju Young; Han, Kyou-Sup; Kim, Hyun Kyung
- Issue Date
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- THROMBOSIS RESEARCH; Vol.125 6; E285-E293
- Background: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), a pleiotropic factor regulating development and wound healing, is secreted as inactive pro-HGF and is converted into active HGF by coagulation serine proteases. HGF receptor overexpression can cause massive venous thrombi, and factor Xa is reported to release soluble HGF from granulocytes. We hypothesized that a hypercoagulable condition, such as disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), may increase circulating HGF through active cleavage by coagulation serine proteases. Methods: In 172 DIC-suspected patients, plasma levels of total and active HGF, thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), plasmin-antiplasmin complex (PAP), and interleukin (IL)-6 were measured by ELISA. Active HGF release in granulocytes was examined in patients with and without overt-DIC. HGF-induced tissue factor expression in peripheral monocytes was measured by flow cytometry. Results: Circulating levels of total and active HGF correlated well with coagulopathy severity, including DIC score, D-dimer, TAT and PAP levels. HGF positively correlated with IL-6 and absolute neutrophil count. In contrast to the cancer group, HGF levels were significantly increased in accordance with increased DIC scores in non-cancer group. Elevated circulating HGF was an independent prognostic marker in the non-cancer group, while HGF level failed to predict mortality in the cancer group. Amounts of HGF released from stimulated granulocytes were not significantly different between overt-DIC and no overt-DIC patients. HGF potentiated endotoxin-induced tissue factor expression of monocytes in vitro. Conclusion: These findings suggest that circulating HGF is a potential laboratory marker reflecting coagulation activity and DIC prognosis in non-cancer patients and that HGF may play a role in a vicious cycle of hypercoagulability. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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