S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
AMPK attenuates bupivacaine-induced neurotoxicity
- Issue Date
- Journal of Dental Research; Vol.89, No.8, pp.797-801
- Bupivacaine has been widely used as a long-acting local anesthetic. However, evidence strongly suggests that bupivacaine causes apoptosis. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates metabolic homeostasis and mediates cellular protection from stress. We hypothesized that AMPK may be cytoprotective in bupivacaine-treated Schwann cells. To explore this, we applied bupivacaine to the RT4-D6P2T Schwann cell line. The expression of phosphorylated AMPK was compared after bupivacaine treatment. Bupivacaine induced cell death in a time- and dose- [50% lethal dose (LD50) = 316 µM] dependent manner, and increased expression of phosphorylated AMPK after bupivacaine treatment. Bupivacaine-induced cytotoxicity was attenuated by AICAR (an AMPK activator), whereas compound C (an AMPK inhibitor) enhanced it. The cytoprotective effect of AICAR was reversed in the presence of iodotubercidin, an AICAR inhibitor. Our results suggest that the AMPK pathway may protect Schwann cells from bupivacaine-induced cytotoxicity. ⓒ International & American Associations for Dental Research.
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