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산지. 산림 관리의 패러다임 연구
A study on the paradigm shift in forest management and reform of forest regualtions

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Authors
윤여창구자춘
Issue Date
2010-01-15
Publisher
한국법제연구원
Citation
정책과 법제의 격차해소를 통한 규제개혁 실행방안연구, pp. 1-176
Keywords
forestlandforest managementforest servicesregulatory reformforest regulations
Abstract
This study reviews the recent paradigm shift in forest management and analyzes current regulations of forests and forest lands in Korea and their effectiveness in governance of forest resources, by employing the analytical framework provided by Chun (2009) with specific cases. The results of analysis provide the basis of proposals for improving the regulatory systems of fores lands in line with the new paradigm of sustainable forest management.
The regulations under study are limited to those affecting forest owners, forest managing enterprises and forest users benefiting from utilization of forest resources. The forest regulations intend to safeguard the provision of forest services to the general public, in particular to villagers in mountain ares by intervening forest owners' and enterprises' activities affecting the flow of services from forests. The study found out that the forestry regulations have incorporated more market-based or self-regulatory instruments in recent years.
The contents analysis revealed there are some regulations lacking the effectiveness in reality. For example, the forestland management act has been failing to prevent conversion of conservation forestlands to other land uses. The act on construction and management of forest resources has been deregulated such that forest owners' freedom of utilizing their forestlands can be enhanced in the last two decades. From the result of cross analysis we found that there is a big gap between the governmental policies of purchasing protected forestlands and actual governmental budgeting in reality.
This study has found out that the regulatory mechanism has a limitation in internalizing the externalities of forest services, demanded by the public. Thus we suggest that forest regulations aiming at providing public forest services should be reformed into a newmode of governance system based on market mechanism, which can make the be beneficiaries of forest services to pay the cost of services supply.
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/81251
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College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학)Dept. of Forest Sciences (산림과학부)Others_산림과학부
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