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The effect of the DLTIDDSYWYRI motif of the human laminin α2 chain on implant osseointegration

Cited 20 time in Web of Science Cited 24 time in Scopus
Authors
Kang, Hyun Ki; Kim, O Bok; Min, Seung-Ki; Jung, Sung Youn; Jang, Da Hyun; Kwon, Taek-Ka; Min, Byung-Moo; Yeo, In-Sung
Issue Date
2013-05
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd
Citation
Biomaterials Vol.34 No.16, pp. 4027-4037
Keywords
의약학Laminin-2-derived peptideTitanium implantOsseointegrationBone-to-implant contact ratio
Abstract
Considerable effort has been directed towards replacing lost teeth using tissue-engineering methods such as titanium implants. A number of studies have tried to modify bioinert titanium surfaces by coating them with functionally bioactive molecules for faster and stronger osseointegration than pure titanium surfaces. Recently, peptides have been recognized as valuable scientific tools in the field of tissue-engineering. The DLTIDDSYWYRI motif of the human laminin-2 α2 chain has been previously reported to promote the attachment of various cell types; however, the in vivo effects of the DLTIDDSYWYRI motif on new bone formation have not yet been studied. To examine whether a laminin-2-derived peptide can promote osseointegration by accelerating new bone formation in vivo, we applied titanium implants coated with the DLTIDDSYWYRI motif in a rabbit tibia model. The application of the DLTIDDSYWYRI motif-treated implant to tibia wounds enhanced collagen deposition and alkaline phosphatase expression. It significantly promoted implant osseointegration compared with treatment with scrambled peptide-treated implants by increasing the bone-to-implant contact ratio and bone area. These findings support the hypothesis that the DLTIDDSYWYRI motif acts as an effective osseointegration accelerator by enhancing new bone formation.
Considerable effort has been directed towards replacing lost teeth using tissue-engineering methods such as titanium implants. A number of studies have tried to modify bioinert titanium surfaces by coating them with functionally bioactive molecules for faster and stronger osseointegration than pure titanium surfaces. Recently, peptides have been recognized as valuable scientific tools in the field of tissue-engineering. The DLTIDDSYWYRI motif of the human laminin-2 α2 chain has been previously reported to promote the attachment of various cell types; however, the in vivo effects of the DLTIDDSYWYRI motif on new bone formation have not yet been studied. To examine whether a laminin-2-derived peptide can promote osseointegration by accelerating new bone formation in vivo, we applied titanium implants coated with the DLTIDDSYWYRI motif in a rabbit tibia model. The application of the DLTIDDSYWYRI motif-treated implant to tibia wounds enhanced collagen deposition and alkaline phosphatase expression. It significantly promoted implant osseointegration compared with treatment with scrambled peptide-treated implants by increasing the bone-to-implant contact ratio and bone area. These findings support the hypothesis that the DLTIDDSYWYRI motif acts as an effective osseointegration accelerator by enhancing new bone formation.
Tissue-engineering
ISSN
0142-9612
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/83019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.02.023
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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