S-Space College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학) Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
Electrical activation induces reactive oxygen species in porcine embryos
- Koo, O.J.; Jang, Goo; Kwon, D.K.; Kang, J.T.; Kwon, O.S.; Park, H.J.; Kang, S.K.; Lee, Byeong Chun
- Issue Date
- Theriogenology 2008;70:1111-8
- The objectives were to determine factors affecting generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in porcine embryos after electrical activation of oocytes, and the effects of an antioxidant and chemical agent on ROS generation. Greater ROS were induced by electrical activation compared to IVF (mean ± S.E.M., 14.6 ± 0.8 vs. 9.2 ± 0.4, P < 0.05). Furthermore, ROS generation in embryos after electrical activation was significantly increased by higher intensity and longer duration electrical pulses and by higher exogenous Ca2+ concentrations. Cleavage rate and blastocyst formation rate were not directly related to the level of ROS. Supplementation of the IVC medium with 0.5 mM glutathione (GSH) reduced ROS (9.2 ± 0.4 vs. 14.7 ± 0.9, P < 0.05). Treatment with the chemical activation agent, 6-dimethylaminopurine (6-DMAP) for 3 h did not induce further ROS generation in combination with electrical activation, but it improved blastocyst formation rate (53.8 ± 1.1 vs. 23.7 ± 3.5, P < 0.05). We concluded that generation of ROS should be considered for optimizing electrical activation and that supplementing an antioxidant or combining electrical and chemical activation induced lower ROS generation in electrically activated porcine embryos.
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