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거룩한 철학자의 초상 - 포르피리오스의 『플로티누스의 생애』를 중심으로 -
A Portrait of the Holy Philosopher in Porphyrys Life of Plotinus

DC Field Value Language
dc.contributor.author송유레-
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-30T05:22:20Z-
dc.date.available2013-10-30T05:22:20Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citation인문논총, Vol.69, pp. 7-41-
dc.identifier.issn1598-3021-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/83881-
dc.description.abstractHow are we to live? Socrates understands this question as follows: How are we to live in order to live well? He takes it for granted that we all want to live well. His answer to the question is that we are to live virtuously. Thus, virtue (arete) is the key to the good life, namely happiness (eudaimonia). Socrates` approach of aspiring to human excellence is opposed to one that is concerned with minimal decency. Most of the ancient philosophers share Socrates` aspiration, but especially the Platonists cherish the extreme version of ethical idealism. They ambitiously define the goal of their philosophy as assimilation to god and believe that it is virtue that leads to god. In order to become godlike or divine, we need to be virtuous. For the ancient Platonists, the ideal philosopher is a virtuous man (spoudaios) as well as a divine man (theios aner). What does such an ideal philosopher look like? What is his virtue? How are we to conceive of the god whom he is emulating? To approach these questions, I suggest looking at a portrait of the ideal philosopher presented in Porphyry`s Life of Plotinus (Vita Plotini), a biography of a Platonist hailed as a pagan saint in Late Antiquity. It is shown that the biographer reconstructs the hero`s life in virtue of his theory of a scale of virtues representing different levels in an upward movement of divinization of the human soul, namely: (1) political, (2) purificatory, (3) theoretical virtues. Thereby the hero emerges as a perfect philosopher possessing all virtues. In addition, I argue that the portrait of the holy and divine Plotinus reflects much of the biographer`s own ascetic ideal of philosopher propounded in De abstinentia. Furthermore, it is noted that Porphyry attributes to Plotinus a divine power which goes beyond the levels of virtues. In conclusion, the holy philosopher portrayed in the Life of Plotinus is an ascetic and wonder-worker like the Christian saints, but, unlike them, a sage (sophos) embodying perfect virtue. The ideal of life envisaged by ancient Platonists like Plotinus and Porphyry offers an alternative or a challenge to the view that one can do philosophy without engaging in virtue and holiness, as well as to the view that one can be virtuous and holy without philosophy.-
dc.description.abstract어떻게 살아야 하는가? 서양 윤리학의 시조로 불리는 소크라테스는 누구나 한번 쯤 던져 본 적이 있을 이 질문에서 출발한다.2) 그는 이 질문을 어떻게 살아야 잘 사는가?라고 이해했으며, 누구나 잘 살기를 원한다고 전제했다. 고대 희랍인들에게 잘 산다(eu zên)는 곧 행복하다(eudaimonein)를 의미했다. 따라서 위의 질문은 행복하기 위해 어떻게 살아야 하는가?로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다. 소크라테스는 이러한 질문에 대한 답을 덕(德), 즉 인간으로서 지닐 수 있는 훌륭함에서 찾았다. 그에 따르면, 우리는 유덕하게, 다시 말해 인간으로서 훌륭하게 살아야 한다.3) 왜냐하면 유덕한 인간이야말로 행복할 수 있기 때문이다.
이러한 접근법은 인간이 인간인 한 지켜야 하는 최소한의 도리를 강조하면서, 해서는 안 되는 행동, 즉 행할 경우 사회적 제재를 받아야 하는 행동을 금지하는데 역점을 두는 대신, 인간이 인간으로서 도달할 수 있는 훌륭함을 열망하며, 행할 경우 행위자가 자부심을 가질 수 있거나 사회적인 인정을 받게 되는 행동을 권하는 데 초점을 맞춘다. 소크라테스 이후의 모든 서양 고대 철학자들은 이러한 형태의 윤리적 이상주의를 지향한다고 볼 수 있다.
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dc.description.sponsorship본 연구는 2012년도 경희대학교 신진연구지원에 의한 결과임(KHU-20120482).-
dc.language.isoko-
dc.publisher서울대학교 인문학연구원-
dc.subject금욕주의-
dc.subject거룩함-
dc.subject덕(德)-
dc.subject성인(聖人)-
dc.subject신(神)-
dc.subject전기(傳記)-
dc.subject철학-
dc.subject플라톤주의-
dc.subjectAsceticism-
dc.subjectholiness-
dc.subjectvirtue-
dc.subjectsaint-
dc.subjectGod-
dc.subjectbiography-
dc.subjectphilosophy-
dc.subjectPlatonism-
dc.title거룩한 철학자의 초상 - 포르피리오스의 『플로티누스의 생애』를 중심으로 --
dc.title.alternativeA Portrait of the Holy Philosopher in Porphyrys Life of Plotinus-
dc.typeSNU Journal-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthorSong, Euree-
dc.citation.journaltitle인문논총(Journal of humanities)-
dc.citation.endpage41-
dc.citation.pages7-41-
dc.citation.startpage7-
dc.citation.volume69-
Appears in Collections:
College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute of Humanities (인문학연구원)Journal of humanities (인문논총)Journal of Humanities vol.69/70 (2013) (인문논총)
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