S-Space College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학) Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
Role of interleukin-6 in the control of DNA synthesis of hepatocytes: involvement of PKC, p44/42 MAPKs, and PPARdelta
- Issue Date
- Cell Physiol Biochem 2008;22(5):673-84
- Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine with a pivotal role in normal hepatic growth and liver regeneration. Therefore, in the present study, we examined the effect of IL-6 on cell proliferation and the related signaling pathways in primary cultured chicken hepatocytes. IL-6 increased the level of [3H]thymidine incorporation in a time ( 6 hr)- and a dose ( 0.1 ng/ml)-dependent manner. Indeed, IL-6 increased the number of BrdU-positive cells and the total number of cells. IL-6 (10 ng/ml) increased the level of IL-6R and glycoprotein (gp) 130 (IL-6R) protein expression, Janus Kinase (JAK) 2, signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3, PKC, p44/42 MAPKs phosphorylation, and PPAR protein expression. Inhibition of each pathways blocked IL-6-induced [3H]thymidine incorporation increase. IL-6 increased c-fos, c-jun, and c-myc proto-oncogene mRNA levels and the percentage of cells in the S phase according to fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis. IL-6-induced G1/S phase progression was inhibited by AG 490 (2x10-5 M, JAK2 inhibitor), a STAT3 inhibitor peptide (10-5 M), bisindolylmaleimide I (10-6 M, PKC inhibitor), PD 98059 (10-5 M, p44/42 MAPKs blocker), or PPAR-specific small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). In conclusion, IL-6 stimulates the proliferation of primary cultured chicken hepatocytes through PKC, p44/42 MAPKs, and PPAR pathways.
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