S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 39 Number 1/4 (2003)
Acoustics and Perception of Flaps in American English and Korean
- Sung, Eun-kyung
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.39 No.4, pp. 933-958
- The goals of this paper are two-fold. The first goal is to explore the relationship between phonetic characteristics and phonological representation, and the second goal is to investigate the role of phonological functions of sounds in perceiving the sounds. The comparison of acoustic properties of flaps between American English and Korean shows that phonetic characteristics of sounds are not able to account for phonological functions of the sounds. The results of discrimination experiments reveal that although the L1 phonological system strongly affects perception, perceptual patterns cannot be explained by the phonological or phonetic status of sounds in L1. The subjects are sensitive to phonetic cues to contrastive features in their L1. That is, the American English speakers are sensitive to a VOT cue, whereas the Korean speakers are sensitive to both VOT and duration cues.