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대학정원정책의 현황과 전망 : The National Policy of College/University Students Enrollment Quotas in South Korea:Vision and Action

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Authors
이정규
Issue Date
2001-09
Publisher
서울대학교 교육연구소
Citation
아시아교육연구, Vol.2 No.2, pp. 21-40
Keywords
고등교육대학정원정책고등교육정책정책분석
Abstract
이 연구는 급변하는 시대적 상황에 대처할 수 있도록 대학정원정책에 대한 현황을 고찰하고 이에 대한 개선 방향을 제시하기 위하여 문헌고찰을 통한 기술적 내용 분석 방법으로 분석하였다. 본고에서는 정초․팽창기(1945-1960), 통제․실험기(1961-1980), 확대․안정기(1981-1993), 자율지향․개방초기(1994-현재)로 대별하여 이를 사회적 측면에서 고찰하였다. 현재 우리 나라의 대학학생정원정책을 이해하기 위하여 먼저, 현행 대학정원정책의 법적 근거를 간략히 파악하였고 또한, 대학정원정책이 어떻게 책정되는가를 살펴본 후에 현재의 대학정원정책 현황을 교육부 내부 자료인 2001학년도 대학 학생정원 조정 지침 및 결과를 중심으로 문제점을 정책분석론적 관점에서 논의하였다. 마지막으로, 교육부의 2001학년도 대학 학생정원 조정 지침의 대학정원 자율화 조치 기본 방향과 계획을 토대로 하여 앞으로 대학 정원자율화에 대한 방향을 제시하였다.



Modern higher education in South Korea has entered into from an elite step to a universalized step nothing but a half century. With the achievement of the universalization of higher education, South Korea which became a member country of OECD urgently needs to change a quantitative educational policy into a qualitative educational policy. In addition, it is necessary to construct an effective manpower system for the optimal supply and demand of higher education as well as to foster high-quality human resources for the jumping an advanced information-technology nation. From this point of time, the university/college student enrollment policy, which has significantly affected not just the extension of higher education access but also the demand and supply for higher education under the government-initiated control, is now unavoidable to change the direction into the university-initiated autonomy. In light of this significance, the purpose of this study is to review the conditions and problems of the national policy of college/university students enrollment quotas in South Korea and to suggest the direction for the improvement of the quota policy so as to cope with the rapidly changing epochal situation. It begins with review of related literature. The author next investigates the transition of college/university quota policy in South Korea from 1945 to the present time. Third, he analyzes the conditions and problems of the national quota policy. Finally, he suggests the vision and direction of the quota policy.
ISSN
1229-9448
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/88932
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College of Education (사범대학)Education Research Institute (교육연구소)아시아교육연구 (Asian Journal of Education, AJE)아시아교육연구 (Asian Journal of Education) Volume 02 Number 1/2 (2001)
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