사교육에 대한 입학사정관 전형의 영향 분석 : An Analysis of Possible Impacts of the Admissions Officer System on College Preparation Behaviors

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강태중; 송혜정; 김진경

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서울대학교 교육연구소
아시아교육연구, Vol.13 No.4, pp. 1-34
입학사정관 전형사교육대입제도비교과 활동입학사정관제college preparation behaviorKorean Admissions Officer Systemprivate tutoringextra curricular activitiescollege entrance system
이 연구는 입학사정관제가 사교육을 유발할 가능성이 있는지 확인해보고자 하였다. 한 대학을 사례로 삼아, 입학사정관 전형을 통해 입학한 학생들(사정관전형 집단)을 대상으로, 대입전형에 어떤 전략으로 대응했으며 사교육에는 어떤 양상으로 참여했는지, 그리고 입학사정관 전형에 대해서 어떤 생각을 가졌었는지 조사 분 석하였다. 이때 조사 분석은 입학사정관 전형이 아닌 다른 일반 전형을 통해 입학한 학생들(비교집단)과 비 교하는 양식으로 이루어졌다. 분석의 초점은 입학사정관 전형이 직접적으로 사교육을 유발할 가능성이 있는지 살피는 데 있었으며, 입학사정관 전형에 대한 입학생들의 인식을 바탕으로 간접적으로라도 그런 전형이 사교육 을 유발할 가능성이 있는지도 추론하고자 하였다. 분석 결과는 입학사정관 전형이 사교육 의존의 경향을 낳을 것이라는 일반적인 예견을 긍정해주지 않았다. 입학사정관 전형이 사교육 수요를 늘리는 기미는 확인되지 않았 다. 그러나 앞으로 사교육을 유발할 가능성이 없다고 장담하기는 어렵다. 연구결과를 바탕으로 입학사정관 전형 이 사교육을 유발할 가능성을 줄이기 위해 어떤 정책을 고려해야 할지 제안하였다.

The study examined the impacts of Korean Admissions Officer(AO) system on three areas of college preparation behaviors, which are related to 1)the college entrance exam(Korean SAT) or GPA, 2)the preparation for application materials such as portfolios and essays, and 3) extracurricular activities. Utilizing the data from a university in Seoul, the study compared two groups of students(those who had gotten admission through the AO track and those who had gotten admission otherwise ) with regard to their strategic behaviors for college admission and conceptions on the AO system. Based on this comparison the possibility that the needs for extra preparation for college admission might be was examined and discussed. More directly the study analyzed the difference between the two groups in participation and spending for these extra preparations. Analysis results indicate that the two groups were not different in the amount of spending for college preparation but differ in the areas of investment. The AO group tended to invest in the extracurricular activities, while the other group in various general preparations including Korean SAT or GPA. Since the two groups showed different college preparation(investment) behaviors, it is hard to conclude that the AO system would causes more spending for college preparations. If AO system is adopted by more colleges and universities in the future and students begin to perceive the system as a major track of college admission, however, the needs for extra preparations would be felt by more students and private spending could increase. On the other hand, more thought needs to be given to the possibility that extra preparation behaviors are not necessary a evil. The behaviors might do educationally desirable functions that would help the students explore their career path in an authentic sense, rather than might cause extra financial burden.
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College of Education (사범대학)Education Research Institute (교육연구소)아시아교육연구 (Asian Journal of Education, AJE)아시아교육연구 (Asian Journal of Education) Volume 13 Number 1/4 (2012)
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