聚落立地에 대한 風水的 解釋 - 九萬里마을의 風水的 解釋을 媒介로 : A Locational Interpretation on the Settlements from the Viewpoint of Pungsu

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서울대학교 국토문제연구소
지리학논총, Vol.18, pp. 1-20
Intuitional knowledge
P'ungsu has significantly acted on the locational selection and the laying out of historical cities, villages, private houses, and graves as a traditional geographical thought of Korea. This can be easily recognized by the P'ungsu is not considered as just a technique of placing graves, but rather understood as a traditional thought on the earth by Korean people to find the implied ideas and practical aspects.

This study, by identifying the locational characteristics of settlements from the viewpoint of P'ungsu which is recently arising an increasing interest, aims to interprete the locational validity of settlements involved in them. As such, this study excludes as possible the elements which lead us to recognize P'ungsu as superstitious and mysterious, instead examines reasonable and practical aspects included in P'ungsu with a specific study region centering on Kannyong-bop(看龍法), Changp'ung-bop(藏風法), Tuksu-bop(得水法), and Chonghyol-bop(定穴法) as principles of locational selection, Chwahyang-ron(坐向論) as a basis of placing concrete facilities, and Hyongguk-ron(形局論).

The findings of this study are to be the following.

First, the origin of P'ungsu which has been historically recognized as Umt'aek-P'ungsu (陰宅風水 ; P'ungsu for the dead) was examined in two aspects ; a practical aspect of interaction between men and environment, and an essential aspect with relation to Ki(氣) which is the pivotal core of P'ungsu, where Yanggi-P'ungsu or Yangt'aek-P'ungsu(陽基·陽宅風水 ; P'ungsu for the living) was found to have preceded Umt'aek-P'ungsu in the objective basis. This reflects the logical system of P'ungsu are the logics of the earth accumulated in the process where men adapted themselves to the environment.

Second, an interparetation on the study region Kumalli(九萬里) reflected on the rearranged logical systems of P'ungsu generally showed two important features of P'ungsu. One representing the general character of the vilage is an over excessiveness of 'the solidified part of Ki of mountain ranges(束氣) especially towards Chusan(主山) in 'the extended-flowing mountain ranges (來龍脈勢) and a directing-running of waterway against it. Under these conditions of P'ungsu, it was Hyongguk as to surrounding mountaneous features which had influenced on the behaviors of the villagers.

Third, practical and reasonable validities were revealed in a variety of aspects through the interpretation on the village from the viewpoint of P'ungsu. For example, the extended-flowing mountain ranges, the surrounding mountaneous features of the village, the conditions of waterway and the corresponding aspects of Hyonggyuk explained in the principles of locational selection(Kannyong-bop, Chanp'ung-bop, Tuksu-bop, and Chonghyol-bop) and Hyoungguk-ron are the requisites for gathering of Saenggi(生氣) which is the end of P'ungsu. if a region is well equipped with those conditions, It is as good as possessing an indispensable environmental condition for the living of people.

The research findings of this studt were briefly summarized above, following researches with a deeper understanding of P'ungsu are highly encouraged in connection with the essential basis of P'ungsu (Chigi ; 地氣), ideas, planning and applications, and environmental issues which P'ungsu has as an oriental thought on the earth.
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute for Korean Regional Studies (국토문제연구소)지리학논총 (Journal of Geography)지리학논총 Volume 18 (1991)
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