S-Space Graduate School of Environmental Studies (환경대학원) Journal of Environmental Studies (환경논총) 환경논총 Volume 10/11 (1982)
Historic Conservation in the Environmental Design Context
- Hwang, Keewon
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 환경대학원
- 환경논총, Vol.10, pp. 87-98
- Change and continuity are two essential processes of the environment. All human efforts and natural phenomena are in a sense located somewhere on the change-continuity matrix, with different degrees of gravity. On the one hand, historic preservation in a conventional knowledge is a human effort to protect valuable remains of previous cultures and histories .against negative or sometimes harmful changes occurred in the given environment, so as to keep the continuity. On the other hand, environmental design is another human effort to manage purposeful changes in the environment, with variable regards to continuity. It is not unusual for the ordinary people to think that historic preservation and environmental design are quite different, and therefore, can not be integrated in a single practice. Conventionally, impatient and single-minded designs have been busy creating the brand-new environment, regarding historic things as obsoletes or obstacles to be removed. In the meantime, historic preservation which is beyond the reach or consideration of the design process that is one of main and well-developed tools to manipulate environment, usually suffered from sporadic protection or arbitrary elimination. This discrepancy seems to be caused by the lack of mutual understanding between both efforts, and by the independent evolution of the profession. It is very important to fuse these two efforts into a single systematic effort because: firstly, both of them involve a lot of public decision· making on the shape and quality of the environment in the present and the future; secondly, it is very difficult to alter the physical environment once formulated, due to involved contradictory interests as well as inertia of the environment per se; thirdly, environments under the control of the historic preservation and environmental design are in most cases the same and single entitites rather than different ones: In both efforts, we can find several common attributes by which a unified single effort is available. Firstly, they are related with the change-continuity matrix, even with the different proportion or preponderance. Secondly, both are aiming at providing people with the experiential diversity which is one of the essentials to make an environment better to live in. Thirdly, both deal with the landscape which encompasses various things such as buildings, artifacts, natural elements, etc. With these conceptions, this study is intended to reason the possibility to incorporate historic conservation in the context of the overall environmental design process, through. clarifying the relationship between them.
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