S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 40 Number 1/4 (2004)
술어명사구의 통사적 실현 양상
Aspects of syntactic realization of predicative noun phrases
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.40 No.3, pp. 597-617
- predicative noun ; predicative noun phrase ; syntactic realization ; argument ; lexical properties ; omission of argument ; proxi mate argument ; situational noun phrase
- The aim of this paper is to examine and analyze diverse aspects in the syntactic realization of predicative noun phrases. In this respect, we first examined the relation between the argument forms of verbs and predicative nouns. Secondly, we analysed four arguments whose forms are respectively ul, zero, e daehan and e uihan in relation to their functions given by a predicative noun. Thirdly, we analysed the restrictions on the realization of arguments in predicative noun phrases. More specifically, we examined two types of restrictions: restrictions due to the lexical properties of predicative nouns and restrictions due to the argument form of predicative nouns. Fourthly, we examined the omission of arguments occurring in predicative noun phrases and found all the arguments are not necessarily realized in predicative noun phrases: only when an argument proximate to the predicative noun is realized can this predicative noun phrase be grammatical. We also examined a noun phrase previously categorized as predicative which seems to be grammatical even though its proximate argument is not realized and determined it to be a new type of situational noun phrase. In other words, we showed that in order to explain diverse types of argument omission occurring in predicative noun phrases, we have to divide predicative nouns into two types: one used only as a predicative noun and the other used as a predicative and situational noun.