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종업원의 직무발명과 영업비밀로서의 보호 : 대학(원)생이 관여한 발명을 중심으로
Employee Inventions and the protection as Trade Secrets : especially about the inventions joined by graduate or undergraduate students -

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Authors
박준석
Issue Date
2010-12
Publisher
한국산업재산권법학회
Citation
산업재산권 Vol.33, pp. 1-46
Keywords
사회과학an invention by a student, employee inventionsshop righta trade secretthe Korean Ivention Promotion Act
Abstract
Unlike the situation in the other types of employee inventions, the invention joined by graduate or undergraduate students is sharply characterized by the fact that an advising professor and various incorporated entities such as a university, an industrial corporation, a state, and etc. are joining together. But here, whether or not the students can acquire the right for the invention will be decided by whether the provision of employee inventions in the Korean Invention Promotion Act will be applied to the relation of the student with the university or the professor, while the existence of the state or the industrial corporation has no direct effect on above acquirement.To solve the problem of moral hazard which often occurs in the student's invention, it may be reasonable not only to more widely recognize for an employer to secure his own legal interest by a mutual contract with his employee as long as the invention was made by the employee even if it was not in the scope of so-called 'employee inventions' but also to heighten the standard of compensation amount for the employee.In addition, it seems more necessary to perform a careful legal review of the sharing of trade secrets because the invention joined by the student is more difficult to be protected as a trade secret while the cases in which a invention is protected as a trade secret rather than a patent right will be more and more increased.
현재 한국의 대학가(大學街)에서는 이공계를 중심으로 학부생이나 대학원생들에 의한 세칭 프로젝트(project) 혹은 연구용역의 참가, 대학원생들의 석․박사 논문작성 과정에서 아주 활발하게 발명이 이루어지고 있다. 하지만 아쉽게도 기업 간의 점증하는 특허분쟁 실태와 비교하여 볼 때 대학가의 발명에 관하여는 관련자들 사이에 벌어진 분쟁을 판단한 우리 법원의 판결을 찾기조차 힘들다. 이런 사실은 아직 대학가에서 이루어지는 발명에 있어 별다른 법적 문제없이 매끄럽게 관련실무가 진행되어온 결과라기보다는 오히려 충분한 법적 보호, 혹은 심지어는 기본적인 법적 검토조차 제대로 이루어지지 않고 있는 결과라고 필자는 이해한다. 학부생이나 대학원생들(이하에서는 이들을 편의상 대학생 등이라고만 함) 상당수가 여러 가지 발명에 많은 기여를 하고 있지만 해당 발명에 관하여 특허를 받을 수 있는 권리(발명자권, 發明者權)나 특허권(이하에서는 이들 두 가지 권리를 묶어 발명자권 등이라고만 함)을 대학생 등이 법적으로 적절히 보장받는 것은 한국의 현실상 어려운 점이 많다.
ISSN
1598-6055
Language
Korean
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/92505
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College of Law/Law School (법과대학/대학원)Dept. of Law (법학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_법학과)
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