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실용신안에 의한 영업방법의 보호
Utility Model Protection of Business Methods

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Authors
구대환
Issue Date
2005
Publisher
서울대학교 법학연구소
Citation
법학, Vol.46 No.2, pp. 278-315
Keywords
영업방법을 특허로 보호기술적 사상의 창작을 보호레히만(Reichman)의 책임이론영업방법발명(BM발명)
Abstract
Patent protection of innovative business methods has a number of problems.

Much of them are being developed by individuals and SMEs. Extending

patentability would impose a major burden on them because they would have to

divert time and effort into making sure they are not infringing on business

method patents (BMPs), and seeking and enforcing them. It is necessary to

consider whether patenting business methods will work properly to produce

innovative technology, because overly broad protection will stifle competition and

result in a cost to the public. It should be assessed whether innovations are

given protections in proportion to the contribution to the society the invention

will make. It is important to limit the patent system to those fields where the

benefits will outweigh the disadvantages.

BMPs hinder follow-on innovations because they are based on the property

right rules. Most of software innovations are incremental and thus, they cannot

satisfy the criteria of inventive step.

Under the liability regime, follow-on innovators can use the first comer's

innovation only if they are willing to pay a certain royalty to the first comer.

This lowers transaction costs and reduces undesirable social behaviour such as

free riding appropriation. Utility models that are modified to be based on liability

regimes could solve the critical issue of the relationship between the first comer

and second comers in sequential innovation, i.e. encouraging innovation without

impeding follow-on innovations. In addition, it is desirable to introduce

substantial examination only for novelty (not for inventive step) in order to

minimize the negative effect of an unexamined utility model right, and abandon

inventive step requirements because most of software innovations are incremental.
ISSN
1598-222X
Language
Korean
URI
http://lawi.snu.ac.kr/

https://hdl.handle.net/10371/9899
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College of Law/Law School (법과대학/대학원)The Law Research Institute (법학연구소) 법학법학 Volume 46, Number 1/4 (2005)
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