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SERPINB3 in the Chicken Model of Ovarian Cancer: A Prognostic Factor for Platinum Resistance and Survival in Patients with Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Cited 28 time in Web of Science Cited 28 time in Scopus
Authors
Lim, Whasun; Kim, Hee Seung; Jeong, Wooyoung; Ahn, Suzie E.; Kim, Jinyoung; Kim, Yong Beom; Kim, Min A.; Kim, Mi-Kyung; Chung, Hyun Hoon; Song, Yong Sang; Bazer, Fuller W.; Han, Jae Yong; Song, Gwonhwa
Issue Date
2012
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Citation
PLoS ONE, vol.7 no.11, e49869
Description
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted
use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abstract
Serine protease inhibitors (SERPINs) appear to be ubiquitously expressed in a variety of species and play important roles in pivotal physiological processes such as angiogenesis, immune responses, blood coagulation and fibronolysis. Of these, squamous cell carcinoma antigen 1 (SCCA1), also known as a SERPINB3, was first identified in squamous cell carcinoma tissue from the cervix of women. However, there is little known about the SERPINB3 expression in human epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the functional role of SERPINB3 gene in human EOC using chickens, the most relevant animal model. In 136 chickens, EOC was found in 10 (7.4%). SERPINB3 mRNA was induced in cancerous, but not normal ovaries of chickens (P,0.01), and it was abundant only in the glandular epithelium of cancerous ovaries of chickens. Further, several microRNAs, specifically miR-101, miR-1668 and miR-1681 were discovered to influence SERPINB3 expression via its 39-UTR which suggests that post-transcriptional regulation influences SERPINB3 expression in chickens. SERPINB3 protein was localized predominantly to the glandular epithelium in cancerous ovaries of chickens, and it was abundant in the nucleus of both chicken and human ovarian cancer cell lines. In 109 human patients with EOC, 15 (13.8%), 66 (60.6%) and 28 (25.7%) patients showed weak, moderate and strong expression of SERPINB3 protein, respectively. Strong expression of SERPINB3 protein was a prognostic factor for platinum resistance (adjusted OR; odds ratio, 5.94; 95% Confidence Limits, 1.21–29.15), and for poor progression-free survival (PFS; adjusted HR; hazard ratio, 2.07; 95% CI; confidence interval, 1.03–4.41). Therefore, SERPINB3 may play an important role in ovarian carcinogenesis and be a novel biomarker for predicting platinum resistance and a poor prognosis for survival in patients with EOC.
ISSN
1932-6203
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/100345
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049869
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College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학)Dept. of Food and Animal Biotechnology (식품·동물생명공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_식품·동물생명공학부)
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