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Ki-67 can be used for further classification of triple negative breast cancer into two subtypes with different response and prognosis

Cited 131 time in Web of Science Cited 150 time in Scopus
Authors
Keam, Bhumsuk; Im, Seock-Ah; Lee, Kyung-Hun; Han, Sae-Won; Oh, Do-Youn; Kim, Jee Hyun; Lee, Se-Hoon; Han, Wonshik; Kim, Dong-Wan; Kim, Tae-You; Park, In Ae; Noh, Dong-Young; Heo, Dae Seog; Bang, Yung-Jue
Issue Date
2011-03
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
Breast Cancer Research, Vol.13 No.2, p. R22
Description
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons
Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in
any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Introduction: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) has a poorer survival, despite a higher response rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to identify the predictive or prognostic value of Ki-67 among patients with TNBC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and the role of Ki-67 in further classification of TNBC. Methods: A total of 105 TNBC patients who received neoadjuvant docetaxel/doxorubicin chemotherapy were included in the present study. Pathologic complete response (pCR) rate, relapse-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS) were compared according to the level of Ki-67. Results: pCR was observed in 13.3% of patients. TNBC with high Ki-67 expression (>= 10%) showed a higher pCR rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy than TNBC with low Ki-67 expression. None of the low Ki-67 group achieved pCR (18.2% in the high Ki-67 group vs. 0.0% in the low Ki-67 group, P = 0.019). However, a high Ki-67 expression was significantly associated with poor RFS and OS in TNBC, despite a higher pCR rate (P = 0.005, P = 0.019, respectively). In multivariate analysis, high Ki-67 was an independent prognostic factor for RFS in TNBC (hazard ratio = 7.82, P = 0.002). The high Ki-67 group showed a similar pattern of recurrence with overall TNBC, whereas the low Ki-67 group demonstrated a relatively constant hazard rate for relapse. Conclusions: TNBC with high Ki-67 was associated with a more aggressive clinical feature despite a higher pCR rate. High proliferation index Ki-67 can be used for further classification of TNBC into two subtypes with different responses and prognosis.
ISSN
1465-5411
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/100405
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/bcr2834
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Cancer Research Institute (암연구소)Journal Papers (저널논문_암연구소)
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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