Focal interstitial fibrosis manifesting as nodular ground-glass opacity: thin-section CT findings

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Park, Chang Min; Goo, Jin Mo; Lee, Hyun Ju; Lee, Chang Hyun; Chung, Doo Hyun; Chun, Eun Ju; Im, Jung-Gi
Issue Date
Springer Verlag
Eur Radiol 17(9):2325-2331
AdultAgedAged, 80 and overDiagnosis, DifferentialFemaleHumansIncidental FindingsMaleMiddle AgedPulmonary Fibrosis/pathology/*radiographyRetrospective StudiesTomography, X-Ray Computed/*methods
The purpose of this study was to describe the thin-section computed tomographic (CT) features of focal interstitial fibrosis manifesting as nodular ground-glass opacity (GGO) and its changes during follow-up. The thin-section CT findings of pathologically proven focal interstitial fibrosis manifesting as nodular GGO were retrospectively evaluated in nine patients (five women and four men; mean age, 59.3 years; age range, 34-81 years). The thin-section CT findings of each lesion were analyzed for multiplicity, location, shape, margin characteristics, pleural retraction or vascular convergence, size and internal attenuation, lesion internal features and lesion changes on follow-up CT scans (mean 90 days, range 5 to 215 days). All lesions manifested as a solitary nodular GGO (100%), and seven of the nine lesions (77.8%) were located in the upper lobe. Focal interstitial fibrosis was round or oval in shape in five cases (55.6%), complex in shape in three cases (33.3%) and polygonal in one case (11.1%). Lesion margins were smooth in five patients (55.6%), irregular in three (33.3%) and spiculated in one (11.1%). Pleural retraction or vascular convergence was present in two patients (22.2%). Lesions measured 4.8 mm to 25.5 mm (mean, 11.5 mm) and had attenuations ranging from -151 to -699 HU (mean, -514.7 HU). Eight (88.9%) manifested as pure nodular GGOs and one as mixed GGO with a spiculated margin. In all patients, no lesion changes were observed in follow-up CT scans. Focal interstitial fibrosis manifesting as nodular GGO usually presents as a solitary nodule with pure GGO on thin-section CT, which does not change significantly during follow-up.
0938-7994 (Print)
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Radiation Applied Life Science (대학원 협동과정 방사선응용생명과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_방사선응용생명과학)
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