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LIN28B is highly expressed in atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) and suppressed through the restoration of SMARCB1

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Authors
Choi, Seung Ah; Kim, Seung-Ki; Lee, Ji Yeoun; Wang, Kyu-Chang; Lee, Chanhee; Phi, Ji Hoon
Issue Date
2016-04-18
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
Cancer Cell International, 16(1):32
Keywords
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumorLIN28BSMARCB1
Abstract
Background
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a highly malignant brain tumor that almost exclusively develops in young children. AT/RT belongs to the embryonal brain tumor group, comprising primitive tumors recapitulating the early development of the central nervous system during embryogenesis. The loss of SMARCB1 protein expression is a hallmark of AT/RT pathogenesis. LIN28A/B is a key gene in embryonic development and for the maintenance of pluripotency in stem cells. LIN28B might be an important co-player in AT/RT pathogenesis, considering the primitive nature and young age onset of AT/RT.

Methods
We explored the expression patterns of LIN28B in AT/RT and compared it with the expression in cortical dysplasia and medulloblastoma. The functional role of LIN28B was assessed using LIN28B-siRNAs in primary cultured AT/RT cells.

Results
LIN28B is highly expressed in AT/RT compared with medulloblastoma and other embryonal tumors, whereas primary let-7g miRNA is down-regulated. AT/RT also showed higher expression of CCND1 and MYC, and lower expression of CDKN1C. The suppression of CCND1 expression and enhanced expression of CDKN1C were also observed. The knockdown of LIN28B decreased cell viability and proliferation, induced cell cycle arrest, and reduced migration in primary cultured AT/RT cells. Furthermore, we showed that the knockdown of LIN28B decreased the expression of other pluripotency-related genes (OCT4 and NANOG) and the mesenchymal-epithelial transition signature. We also transfected wild-type SMARCB1 into primary cultured AT/RT cells. The restoration of SMARCB1 in AT/RT cells decreased the expression of LIN28B and CCND1.

Conclusions
These results show that LIN28B might be regulated through SMARCB1; the loss of SMARCB1 protein in AT/RT results in the unopposed expression of LIN28B and related oncogenes such as CCND1, leading to tumorigenesis. Therefore, the strategic role of LIN28B in AT/RT might be utilized as an important therapeutic target.
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/109781
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12935-016-0307-4
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Neurosurgery (신경외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_신경외과학전공)
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