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The relationship between parenting attitudes, negative cognition, and the depressive symptoms according to gender in Korean adolescents

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Authors
Park, Subin; Kim, Bung-Nyun; Park, Min-Hyeon
Issue Date
2016-04-27
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 10(1):35
Keywords
ParentingDepressionNegative cognitionAdolescents
Abstract
Background
Parenting style is one potential contributor to the development of adolescents’ cognitions, self-esteem and emotional problems. This study examined the relationship between maternal parenting attitudes and adolescents’ negative cognitions, and depressive symptoms according to gender.

Methods
A total of 401 middle and high school students were recruited (i.e. 221 males and 180 females; mean age, 13.92 ± 1.31 years). The Maternal Behavior Research Instrument assessed maternal parenting attitudes. Analyses examined the relationship between parenting attitudes and affective symptoms, with self-esteem and negative automatic thoughts as mediators of these relations.

Results
Maternal rejecting attitudes were positively associated with depressive symptoms via increasing negative autonomic thoughts and decreasing self-esteem among female adolescents. Among male adolescents, maternal rejecting attitudes were associated with low self-esteem, but they were not associated with depressive symptoms.

Conclusions
Maternal parenting has a larger impact on the emotional adjustment of females compared to males. Interventions to increase self-esteem and correct negative cognitions may be helpful for depressed female adolescents, specifically for those whose mothers are rejecting.
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/109847
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Psychiatry (정신과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
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