S-Space Researcher Institutes (연구소) American Studies Institute (미국학연구소) 미국학 미국학 Volume 39 Number 1/2 (2016)
“나성에 가면”: 로스앤젤레스 한인과 자영업
“Nasŏng-e Kamyŏn”: Korean Americans and Small Businesses in Los Angeles
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 미국학연구소
- 미국학, Vol.39 No.2, pp. 69-100
- 로스앤젤레스 한인; 로스앤젤레스 코리아타운; 소규모 자영업; 불이익 테제; 모델 마이너리티 신화; Korean Americans in Los Angeles; Los Angeles Koreatown; self-employment in small business; disadvantage thesis; model minority myth
- By using Korean immigrant community in Los Angeles as a case study, this article examines why urban middle-class Koreans immigrated to the United States since 1965 as well as why and how they became small business owners. When the middle-class Korean immigrants found themselves disadvantaged in the American labor market, they tried to survive by starting small businesses. It suggests how those immigrants understood, responded to, and negotiated with their new environment. However, most research on Korean Americans has tended to place disproportionate emphasis on internal resources such as Korean ethnic banks and “keys” to explain the reason for their dominance in the area of small business. While many of the Korean immigrants utilized these internal resources, this article argues that they were also assisted by external resources from the U.S. government and financial institutions.