Radiofrequency ablation in pig lungs: in vivo comparison of internally cooled, perfusion and multitined expandable electrodes

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Lee, J M; Han, J K; Chang, J M; Chung, S Y; Kim, S H; Lee, J Y; Choi, B I
Issue Date
British Institute of Radiology
Br J Radiol 2006;79:562-71
Catheter Ablation/instrumentation/*methodsElectrodesEquipment DesignLung/anatomy & histology/*surgeryLung Neoplasms/surgeryRandom AllocationSwineTomography, X-Ray Computed
The purpose of this study was to compare the amounts of in vivo coagulation obtained by radiofrequency (RF) ablation in porcine lung, using three types of electrodes. 15 in vivo ablation procedures were performed in the lungs of five pigs using three kinds of currently available RF devices under CT guidance. After placing an electrode in the lung, three ablation zones were created at each of three different regimens: Group A: RF ablation with an internally cooled electrode; Group B: RF ablation with a perfusion electrode, with instillation of 0.9% NaCl solution at a rate of 1.5 ml min(-1); Group C: RF ablation with a multitined expandable electrode. According to the manufacturer's recommendations, RF application times were 12 min in group A and 20 min in group B. In group C, RF energy was delivered for 7 min after a mean temperature of 110 degrees C was reached at 5 cm deployment. 36 min after the procedures, contrast-enhanced CT scans were obtained to evaluate the volume of zone of coagulation, and lungs were harvested for gross measurements. After macroscopic and histopathological analyses of 5 mm-thick lung sections, diameters, volumes and variation coefficients of regions of central coagulation were assessed. During RF ablation, the perfusion electrode allowed a larger energy delivery than the internally cooled or the multitined expandable electrodes, i.e. 33.6+/-4.7 kJ in group A, 40.0+/-8.2 kJ in group B and 23.5+/-6.1 kJ in group C (p<0.05). On gross observation, the cut surface of the gross specimen containing RF-induced coagulation showed that the ablated tissue appeared to be a central, firm, dark-brown area surrounded by an irregular outer margin (approximately 3-10 mm thick) of bright red tissue. In vivo studies showed that RF ablation using the perfusion electrode achieved larger coagulation volume than RF ablation using the other electrodes (p<0.05): 7.2+/-4.1 cm3 in group A; 16.9+/-5.5 cm3 in group B; 7.5+/-3.3 cm3 in group C. The corresponding variation coefficients were 0.55, 0.31, and 0.45, respectively. Our study shows that RF ablation using a perfusion electrode achieves a larger coagulation volume with an irregular margin than RF ablation using internally cooled or multitined expandable electrodes in the porcine lung.
0007-1285 (Print)
1748-880X (Electronic)
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Radiology (영상의학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_영상의학전공)
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