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Arctic sediment transport from land to sea - an integrated study of coastal - marine processes and deposits in Dicksonfjorden, Svalbard

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Authors
Jensen, M.; Choi, K.; Forwick, M.; Howe, J. A.; Husum, K.; Korsun, S.; Maat, D.; Nam, S. I.
Issue Date
2016-12
Publisher
AGU
Citation
AGU abstract volume, pp. 1-MAX
Keywords
Arctic sediment transport from land to sea - an integrated study of coastal - marine processes and deposits in Dicksonfjorden, Svalbard자연과학0704 Seasonally frozen groundCRYOSPHEREDE: 0758 Remote sensingCRYOSPHEREDE: 4217 Coastal processesOCEANOGRAPHY: GENERALDE: 4546 Nearshore processesOCEANOGRAPHY: PHYSICAL
Abstract
Valleys and fjords are the key transport and storage systems for sediments and biogeochemical elements from high arctic landscapes to the ocean. Sediment and nutrient fluxes are important for the biochemical cycle in the fjords and eventually in the ocean, and are important input data to earth system models. At present, high latitude systems are underrepresented in such models (Russell, 2014). Dicksonfjorden is a fjord in the larger Isfjorden system, Central Spitsbergen, Svalbard. It has no direct glacial input, in contrast to fjords affected by tidewater glaciers. The sediment supply is very high and the inner fjord receives sediment from a tide-influenced delta. This study is part of a multidisciplinary project aiming at mapping and quantifying sediment types and dispersal patterns in present Arctic valley - fjord systems and is the first comprehensive study of the depositional system in Dicksonfjorden. The first field campaign took place in summer 2016, when detailed mapping of the tidal delta and the sea floor in the inner fjord, coring onshore and offshore and sampling for foraminifera, nutrients and microbial abundances were performed. The surface mapping is based on high-resolution drone images, which will be processed to a high-resolution digital elevation model, and the bathymetry and sediment distribution data from the sea floor has been collected with a Gavia Offshore Surveyor AUV, providing high-resolution bathymetry and backscatter data of the seabed. Core transects from the delta surface will be described and compared to marine cores from the fjord basin retrieved from R/V Helmer Hanssen. Sediment accumulation rates will be assessed from 210Pb and 137Cs radionuclides. Preliminary results on the physical and chemical characteristics of the sedimentation system in inner Dicksonfjorden will be presented and implications for the fjord ecosystem will be discussed. References Russell , J.L., 2014. Control on the Latitudinal distribution of climate processes: Results from Earth System Model simulations. AAPG/SEPM Hedberg Research Conference "Latitudinal controls on stratigraphic models and sedimentary concepts, Banff, Alberta, Canada, September 28 - October 1, 2014, Abstract volume, 10-11.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/116863
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College of Natural Sciences (자연과학대학)Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences (지구환경과학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_지구환경과학부)
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