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Immunogenicity and immunomodulatory effects of the human chondrocytes, hChonJ

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Authors
Lim, Chae-Lyul; Lee, Yeon-Ju; Cho, Jong-Ho; Choi, Heonsik; Lee, Bumsup; Lee, Myung Chul; Kim, Sujeong
Issue Date
2017-05-18
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 18(1):199
Keywords
AllogeneicChondrocyteImmunogenicityImmunomodulationPD-L1PD-L2
Abstract
Background
Invossa™ (TissueGene-C) is a cell and gene therapy for osteoarthritis. It is composed of primary human chondrocytes (hChonJ cells) and irradiated human chondrocytes modified to express TGF-β1 (hChonJb#7 cells). The hChonJ cells were isolated from a polydactyly donor, and TGF-β1 cDNA was delivered to the cells, generating hChonJb#7 cells. Since the cells are allogeneic, the concern of immune response against cells has been raised. In this study, we investigated the immunogenicity of allogenic human chondrocyte, hChonJ cells.

Methods
The immunological properties of hChonJ cells were investigated through the analysis of surface marker expression and the effect on allogeneic T cell proliferation. Flow cytometry and RT-PCR analysis were performed to analyze the surface marker expression related to immune response, such as major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I, class II, T cell co-stimulatory molecules and T cell co-inhibitory molecules. A mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) was conducted to evaluate how allogeneic T cells would respond to hChonJ cells.

Results
We observed that hChonJ cells did not express MHC class II and T cell co-stimulatory molecules, but expressed T cell co-inhibitory molecule PD-L2. IFN-γ treatment induced the expression of PD-L1, and up-regulated the expression of PD-L2. Also, we observed that hChonJ cells did not stimulate T cell proliferation from a MHC-mismatched donor. Further, they could suppress the proliferation of activated T cells. We also observed that the blockade of PD-L1 and/or PD-L2 with specific neutralizing antibody could lead to the restoration of allo-reactive T cell proliferation.

Conclusions
We showed that hChonJ cells were not immunogenic but immunosuppressive, and that this phenomenon was mediated by co-inhibitory molecules PD-L1 and PD-L2 on hChonJ cells in a contact-dependent manner.
Language
English
URI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-017-1547-8

http://hdl.handle.net/10371/117608
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정형외과학전공)
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