SHERP

Ecological impacts of Bt transgenic cabbage expressing Cry1Ac1 protein on non-target arthropod species
Cry1Ac1 단백질을 발현하는 양배추의 비표적 절지동물 종들에 미치는 생태적 영향

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Authors
김영중
Advisor
이준호
Major
농업생명과학대학 농생명공학부
Issue Date
2017
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
Arthropodcommunityenvironmental risk assessmentlife history traittransgenic crop
Description
학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 농생명공학부, 2017. 2. 이준호.
Abstract
With the rapid advancement of molecular technique, transgenic crops that have much kind of traits, such as pest resistance and herbicide resistance were developed. These beneficial traits have helped reduce the damage from pests or cost of herbicide use. As a result, transgenic crops have been commercially cultivated since 1996, and those have been increasing dramatically over the last decades. However, concerns remain about the potential adverse effects of such crops on ecosystems. Especially, among the organisms that interact closely with transgenic crops, primary consumers (herbivores) and upper trophic level arthropods (predators and parasitoids) can be affected by crops. Therefore, the “Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety” and the “Living Modified Organisms Act” stipulate that the scientific and reasonable environmental risk assessment should be conducted. In the present study deals mainly with the environmental risk assessment of transgenic Bt cabbage expressing the insecticidal Cry1Ac1 protein which was aimed at controlling lepidopteran pests. This study comprised three parts. (1) Levels of Bt protein in herbivorous and predatory arthropods in fields of Bt cabbage. (2) Effects of Bt cabbage on the survival and growth of the wolf spider, Pardosa astrigera. (3) Effects of transgenic cabbage expressing Cry1Ac1 protein on target pests and the non-target arthropod community under field conditions. Biosafety of transgenic crops are open to interpretation by scientific technique, food problem and social identity. This study may help to understand these problems.
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/119540
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College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학)Dept. of Agricultural Biotechnology (농생명공학부)Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._농생명공학부)
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