S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Institute of Economics Research (경제연구소) Seoul Journal of Economics Seoul Journal of Economics vol.13(3) (Fall 2000)
Characteristics and Economic Efficiency of the Venture Companies in Korea : Comparison with the Chaebols and Other Traditional Firms
- Lee, Keun; Kim, Sungsoo
- Issue Date
- Seoul Journal of Economics, Vol.13 No.3, pp. 335-360
- This paper focuses on the emergence of a new style of firms in the Korean economy, so-called venture companies, and provides a comparative analysis of the behavior and economic efficiency of the venture companies relative to chaebols and other old firm s listed in the Korea Stock Exchange. The paper employs an econometric technique to compare the productive efficiency of ventures, chaebols and non-chaebol firms in Korea, using panel data covering the 1996-9 period. The paper finds that the average level of productive efficiency of the ventures is the highest among the four types of firms compared, such as chaebols and non-chaebols in the KSE, and non-ventures in the Kosdaq market. The efficiency comparison suggests the following order of efficiency among the four subgroups of firms from the best to the worst; ventures, non-ventures, non-chaebols, and chaebols. The paper also finds that the estimated productive efficiency is an important determinant of profitability. When we control for productive efficiency, the capital-labor ratio, the debt-equity ratio, and asset growth, ventures' profitability is shown to be significantly higher than that of others firms.