S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Dept. of Psychology (심리학과) Theses (Master's Degree_심리학과)
The Effect of Prior Experiences on Advice for Others in Distress
유사한 경험이 정서적 고민에 대한 조언에 미치는 영향
- 사회과학대학 심리학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 심리학과 사회심리 전공, 2016. 2. 최인철.
- The effect of ‘similar experience’ has been studied on many dimensions from empathy to social support. Nonetheless, little attention has been paid to whether and how prior similar experiences affect the specific way people give advice about affective concerns. Across four studies, I found that the “experienced” who had a similar experience were believed to and actually did give more helpful advice, with unique words of advice compared to the “inexperienced.” Specifically, Study 1 showed that people believed that the experienced would give better advice about their hardship. Lay belief was confirmed by the results of Study 2, where actual pieces of advice about post-breakup distress from the experienced (vs. the inexperienced) were evaluated as more helpful and empathetic. Further, Study 3 revealed that the gap in the evaluation originated primarily from the quality of the content rather than from the information that the advisor had a similar experience or not per se. Lastly, the results of content analysis in Study 4 showed that the advice from the experienced had more features of supportive messages and more words associated with cognitive reappraisal.