S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
Rethinking Korea's ODA Policies within the Developmental State Thesis
발전국가론에서 본 한국 공적개발원조정책의 재조명
- 마릴린 바더
- Kim, Taekyoon
- 국제대학원 국제학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국제대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 국제대학원 국제학과, 2017. 8. Kim, Taekyoon.
- Since 2010, South Korea (hereafter Korea) has been a full-fledged member of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) with which it has made the successful transition from an aid recipient to an aid-donor country. Measured by its volume, Korea is counted as a substantial contributor of Official Development Assistance (ODA) among OECD DAC members and has promised to make continuous efforts to improve its ODA policies so as to adhere to the OECD DAC standards. Nevertheless, although Korea’s ODA in terms of quantity has been on a constant increase and Korea has made continuous efforts to improve its aid effectiveness, it has been criticized for its low quality and policy decisions have often not translated into actual implementation. Korea’s ODA agenda not only suggests a strong economic interest in giving aid, but also contains elements that strongly reflect Korea’s own experience as a developmental state. Based upon a historical analysis of Korea’s ODA decision-making process and through the lens of the developmental state thesis, particularly with regards to the state-society relations, this research explores why Korea has continuously struggled to implement a more effective and coherent ODA policy framework vis-à-vis its ambitious claims. This research shows that Korea’s developmentalist mindset, which originated during its heyday as a developmental state, is still closely embedded in Korea’s ODA policy decision-making process which determines much of Korea’s behaviour as a donor of foreign aid.