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The EC90 of remifentanil for blunting cardiovascular responses to head fixation for neurosurgery under total intravenous anesthesia with propofol and remifentanil based on bispectral index monitoring: estimation with the biased coin up-and-down sequential method

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Authors
Lee, Jung-Man; Bahk, Jae-Hyon; Lim, Young-Jin; Lee, Jiwon; Lim, Leerang
Issue Date
2017-10-10
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
BMC Anesthesiology, 17(1):136
Keywords
Head fixationNeurosurgeryRemifentanil
Abstract
Abstract

Background
Head fixation can induce hemodynamic instability. Remifentanil is commonly used with propofol for total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) during neurosurgery. This study investigated the 90% effective concentration (EC90) of remifentanil for blunting of cardiovascular responses to head fixation during neurosurgery via bispectral index (BIS) monitoring.

Methods
Fifty patients undergoing neurosurgery requiring head fixation were enrolled. This study was performed using the biased coin up-and-down design sequential method (BCD). After tracheal intubation, the effect-site target concentration (Ce) of remifentanil was adjusted to achieve hemodynamic stability and reset to the level preoperatively assigned to each patient, according to the BCD method, approximately 10 min before head fixation. Baseline hemodynamic values were recorded before head fixation. An ineffective response was defined as a case with a > 20% increase in hemodynamic values from baseline. Otherwise, the response was determined to be effective. The EC90 of remifentanil was calculated as a modified isotonic estimator.

Results
Forty-three patients completed this study. The EC90 of remifentanil for blunting cardiovascular responses to head fixation was estimated to be 6.48 ng/mL (95% CI, 5.94–6.83 ng/mL).

Conclusions
Adjustment of the Ce of remifentanil to approximately 6.5 ng/mL before head fixation could prevent noxious cardiovascular responses in 90% of neurosurgical ASA I-II patients aged 20 to 65 years old during propofol target-controlled infusion titrated to maintain BIS between 40 and 50.
ISSN
1471-2253
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/138331
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12871-017-0426-z
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_마취통증의학전공)
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