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Restoring synaptic plasticity and memory in mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease by PKR inhibition

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Authors
Hwang, Kyoung-Doo; Bak, Myeong Seong; Kim, Sang Jeong; Rhee, Sangmyung; Lee, Yong-Seok
Issue Date
2017-12-13
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
Molecular Brain, 10(1):57
Keywords
Alzheimer’s diseaseAmyloid βPKR inhibitorPKRiContextual fear conditioningObject recognition memoryLong-term potentiationLTP
Abstract
Abstract
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with deficits in cognition and synaptic plasticity. While accumulation of amyloid β (Aβ) and hyper-phosphorylation of tau are parts of the etiology, AD can be caused by a large number of different genetic mutations and other unknown factors. Considering such a heterogeneous nature of AD, it would be desirable to develop treatment strategies that can improve memory irrespective of the individual causes. Reducing the phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α) was shown to enhance long-term memory and synaptic plasticity in naïve mice. Moreover, hyper-phosphorylation of eIF2α is observed in the brains of postmortem AD patients. Therefore, regulating eIF2α phosphorylation can be a plausible candidate for restoring memory in AD by targeting memory-enhancing mechanism. In this study, we examined whether PKR inhibition can rescue synaptic and learning deficits in two different AD mouse models; 5XFAD transgenic and Aβ1–42-injected mice. We found that the acute treatment of PKR inhibitor (PKRi) can restore the deficits in long-term memory and long-term potentiation (LTP) in both mouse models without affecting the Aβ load in the hippocampus. Our results prove the principle that targeting memory enhancing mechanisms can be a valid candidate for developing AD treatment.
ISSN
1756-6606
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/138451
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13041-017-0338-3
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Biomedical Sciences (대학원 의과학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_의과학과)
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