Browse

Therapeutic approach to hypokalemia

Cited 24 time in Web of Science Cited 30 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Gheun-Ho; Han, Jin Suk
Issue Date
2002
Publisher
S. Karger Medical and Scientific
Citation
Nephron 2002;92 Suppl 1:28-32
Keywords
Diuretics/adverse effectsHumansHypokalemia/drug therapy/prevention & control/*therapyPotassium/*metabolismPotassium Chloride/administration & dosage/*therapeutic useWater-Electrolyte Imbalance
Abstract
For successful potassium replacement, one should consider the optimal potassium preparation, route of administration, and the appropriate speed of administration. In the absence of an independent factor causing transcellular potassium shifts, the plasma potassium concentration can be used as a rough index to estimate body potassium stores. Oral KCl replacement therapy is preferable if there are bowel sounds, except in the setting of life-threatening abnormalities such as ventricular arrhythmias, digitalis intoxication, or paralysis. In patients with impaired renal function or those treated with intravenous potassium, the risk of hyperkalemia should be monitored. Since potassium depletion rarely occurs as an isolated phenomenon, associated fluid and electrolyte disorders should be corrected, and the causes of potassium loss should be sought and eliminated to complete the treatment of hypokalemia.
ISSN
0028-2766 (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=12401935

http://hdl.handle.net/10371/14078
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1159/000065374
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse