Conceptualizing the Multicultural Public Sphere : Public Sphere, Rationality and Multiculturalism
공공영역의 합리성과 다문화주의

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Ryu, Honglim
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서울대학교 사회과학연구원
한국사회과학 24(2): 43-62
art of separarion; the inner public sphere; public deliberation; 다원성; 문화생활; 사회통합
The search for a political order provokes interests in the “art of separarion”
between the public and the private; and each society has developed its own way
of securing the public sphere as the social space and procedure for collective
deliberation. The formation of the public sphere includes perception,
idealization and institutionalization; it can also be described as an interactive
process of externalizing “the inner public sphere” or “enlarged mentality.”
Public sphere has been subject to historical change and its dimension has been
multiplied; while in the traditional model it was political in nature, the modern
public sphere involves political, economic and cultural dimensions with a
distinct principle of rationality working in each form of the public sphere. The
modern public sphere has thus lived tensions between the imperatives of
legitimacy, social integration and economic welfare. The imperatives of
legitimation and social integration make it necessary to link critical rationality
in public deliberation to transversal rationality in diverse realms of cultural life.
Those are the forms of rationality which can curb the imperialist expansion of
instrumental rationality beyond its domain of economic efficiency. In this
regard, we need multi-focal sensibilities and imagination which enable us to recognize ourselves in the other and the other in ourselves, being attentive to
both universalizable principles of legitimacy and cultural resources for
solidarity. This paper attempts to broaden our understanding of the public
sphere in view of competing paradigms of rationality and to incorporate the
politics of multiculturalism in a tentative plan of conceptualizing the
multicultural public sphere.
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Center for Social Sciences (사회과학연구원)한국사회과학한국사회과학 vol.24(2) (2002)
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