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미국의 살인율에 관한 논쟁
The Debates on the Homicide Rate of the United States

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Authors
배영수
Issue Date
2018-12
Publisher
서울대학교 미국학연구소
Citation
미국학, Vol.41 No.2, pp. 93-141
Keywords
homicide rateprivate violencepublic authoritycitizenshipcivil rights
Abstract
This essay reviews two recent debates about why the homicide rate has long been relatively high in the United States. The debates took place among American historians calling attention to the federal system of government, ineffective social control by communities, and other features peculiar to the United States and their European counterparts trying to elaborate “the civilizing process,” which in the 1930’s Norbert Elias conceptualized in order to explain the long-term decline of violence in modern Europe. The debaters often referred to the larger context, but they failed to explore the relationship between violence and state and that between private violence and public authority; they took for granted the modern state with a monopoly of the legitimate use of violence. It is noteworthy, then, that the American state relied upon private power as much as upon public authority, which was evident under slavery and the system of racial segregation.
ISSN
1229-4381
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/147090
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Researcher Institutes (연구소)American Studies Institute (미국학연구소)미국학미국학 Volume 41 Number 1/2 (2018)
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