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First-line pemetrexed plus cisplatin followed by gefitinib maintenance therapy versus gefitinib monotherapy in East Asian patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer: A randomised, phase 3 trial

Cited 29 time in Web of Science Cited 28 time in Scopus
Authors
Yang, James Chih-Hsin; Kang, Jin Hyoung; Mok, Tony; Ahn, Myung-Ju; Srimuninnimit, Vichien; Lin, Chia-Chi; Kim, Dong-Wan; Tsai, Chun-Ming; Barraclough, Helen; Altug, Sedat; Orlando, Mauro; Park, Keunchil
Issue Date
2014-09
Citation
European Journal of Cancer, Vol.50 No.13, pp.2219-2230
Keywords
Non-squamous non-small cell lung cancerPemetrexedGefitinibCisplatinEast Asian patients
Abstract
Background: In the Iressa Pan-ASia Study (IPASS), gefitinib claimed improved progression-free survival (PFS) versus carboplatin-paclitaxel in clinically selected lung cancer patients. The primary objective of this study was to assess the PFS of pemetrexed-cisplatin (PC) followed by gefitinib maintenance versus gefitinib monotherapy in an IPASS-like population. Methods: In this open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial, eligible patients were >= 18 years, chemonaTive, East Asian, light ex-smokers/never-smokers with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1 and unknown epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status who enrolled at 12 sites in Asia. Patients randomly received (1:1) pemetrexed (500 mg/m(2)) plus cisplatin (75 mg/m(2)) for six 21-day cycles, followed by gefitinib maintenance or gefitinib monotherapy (250 mg/day). Patient tissue was retrospectively analysed for EGFR mutations. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01017874. Findings: Between 23rd November 2009 and 27th April 2012, 253 patients entered, and 236 patients were randomly assigned to and treated with PC therapy (N = 114) and gefitinib monotherapy (N = 118). Between-arm baseline characteristics were balanced. PFS was not significantly different between treatment arms (p = 0.217). The unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) was 0.85 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.63-1.13). The HR should be cautiously interpreted as it was not constant. EGFR mutation status was determined for 74 tissue samples; 50 (67.6%) had mutations. In a pre-specified subgroup analysis, only the treatment-by-EGFR mutation interaction was significant (p = 0.008) for PFS. For the entire treatment period, a higher proportion of patients in the PC/gefitinib arm versus gefitinib experienced possibly drug-related grade 3-4 treatment-emergent adverse events (39 of 114 [34%] versus 19 of 118 [16%]; p = 0.002). Interpretation: In the intention-to-treat (ITT) population, PFS was not significantly different. In the biomarker-assessable population, front-line EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor monotherapy was not efficacious in patients with wild-type EGFR. Identification of EGFR mutation status is key in the management of advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0959-8049
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/165402
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2014.05.011
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Cancer Research Institute (암연구소)Journal Papers (저널논문_암연구소)
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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