S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.81/84(2018)
백두산 연구의 기회와 위기: 1990년대 이래 백두산 연구의 흐름과 과제
The Chance and Crisis in the Study of Baekdu Mountain: A Critical Review in the Study of Baekdu Mountain since 1990s
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.84, pp. 289-319
- 백두산; 장백산; 동북공정; 백두산정계비; 지역연구; Beakdu Mountain; Changbaishan; China’s Northeast Borderland Project; the stone maker on Beakdu Mountain; area study
- This paper aims to analyse the research trend in the study of Baekdu Mountain from 1990 to 2016. It includes five fields such as history & geography, culture, geology & topography, ecology, and other areas. Reviewing the study of Baekdu Mountain since 1990s, I think the study of Baekdu Mountain is in the process of developmental stage through the early stage. As the field study on Baekdu Mountain was possible from 1989, the study on the fields of geology & topography and ecology of Baekdu Mountain was launched. With the China’s ‘Northeast Borderland Project’ in 2002, the full-scale study of Baekdu Mountain was begun in the fields of history & geography and culture. As a serious volcanic eruption of Beakdu Mountain was reported in the early 2010s, the studies of the valcano of Beakdu Mountain and the responses for valcano eruption was sparked. In 2000s, it was established as academic area in an academic field escaping from the ideological power.
The study of Baekdu Mountain in the academic field may still be in danger. The free and autonomous field study on Baekdu Mountain has been impossible and the sharing with the document and the observation date of the China’s part of Baekdu Mountain has been difficult. On the field of tourism, it is also hard to respond to the spread of the theory of Changbaishan Culture and large-scale development on Baekdu Mountain. With the academic crisis in the study of Baekdu Mountain, its fundamental problem was that the researcher’s view was limited to Baekdu Mountain itself. Therfore the study of Baekdu Mountain has to change into the area studies of Baekdu Mountain region included the range from the northeast region of China to the northern part of Korean Penninsula and the basin of Yalu river, Tumen river and Songhua river.