S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Religious Studies (종교학과) 종교학연구(Journal of Religious Studies) 종교학연구(Journal of Religious Studies) 37집(2019)
동학산행(東學山行): 산으로 간 동학의 기록들
East Learning in the Mountain
- Issue Date
- 종교학연구, Vol.37, pp. 1-37
- Eastern Learning; Cheonseong Mount; Gyoryong Mount; Taebaek Mount; Yongwha Mount; Taewha Mount
- East Learning(東學) is often remembered for the Donghak Peasant Revolution in the field. However, East Learning in the mountain holds significant importance, as it had provided the intrinsic motivation for the
revolution. We ned to pay atention to the cultural complexity of East Learning that embraced both revolutionary outcry in the fields and tranquil prayers in the mountains. This paper concentrates on the later; the prayers
and self-discipline of religious leaders through discovery and analysis of related writen records.
Firstly, it covers praying spots in the mountains. Here Suwon(水雲), the founder of Donhak, and Haewol(海月), the second leader of Donhak, used to stay and train for long periods of time. These locations were
Naewon-am in Mt. Cheonseong, Eunjeok-am in Mt. Gyoryong, Jeokjo-am in Mt. Taebaek, Saja-am in Mt. Yongwha, and Gaseop-am in Mt. Taewha. From the literal materials, it is clear that mountains were where the early religious leaders achieved the most important religious experiences.
Secondly, the folowing generation would go on a pilgrimage before big tasks and chalenges to the mountains that were the bases of Suwon and Haewol’s religious experiences. To this day, paradigmatic model of
East Learning in the mountain stil continues. Although mountains are easily overloked as East Learning has a strong image of the revolution in the fields, they always had a powerful tie with the religion. It is safe
to say the religious culture was composed based on the dep conection betwen East Learning and the mountains.