S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Urology (비뇨기과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_비뇨기과학전공)
Epidemiologic risk factors for chronic prostatitis
- Ku, Ja Hyeon; Kim, Soo Woong; Paick, Jae-Seung
- Issue Date
- International Journal of Andrology 28, 317-327
- Adult; Age Factors; Chronic Disease/epidemiology; Continental Population Groups; Europe/epidemiology; Korea/epidemiology; Motor Activity; Pelvic Pain/*epidemiology; Prevalence; Prostatic Neoplasms/complications/genetics; Prostatitis/*epidemiology/etiology/therapy; Risk Factors; Sexually Transmitted Diseases/complications; Social Class; United States/epidemiology
- Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a multifactorial problem, which affects men of all ages and in all demographics. Recent studies have shown that the prevalence of prostatitis is approximately 2-10% among unselected men in North America, Europe and Asia. This data clearly indicates that chronic prostatitis constitutes an important problem in international health care. Nevertheless, the aetiology and pathogenesis of chronic prostatitis have yet to be clearly delineated, despite the numerous efforts which have been made, with regard to both basic and clinical research. In fact, factors other than leucocytes and bacteria have been shown to contribute to the symptoms typically associated with prostatitis. Studies of the epidemiology and determinants of prostatitis risk factors may also provide clues to the general aetiology of prostatitis. Other epidemiological data appears to indicate that certain as-yet-unknown factors might be associated with an increased tendency towards the development of chronic prostatitis. However, findings from most studies are considered to represent only preliminary data, because of the small sample sizes or lack of generalizability inherent to most of the studies. The identification and characterization of these relevant risk factors might accelerate or augment the development of preventive, diagnostic, and therapeutic strategies for the treatment of these syndromes.
- 0105-6263 (Print)
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