『주홍글자』의 칠링워스에서 『각성』의 만델렛까지: 19세기 중·후반 미국의 의학사와 의사들의 문학적 재현
From Chillingworth to Mandelet: Literary Representations of Doctors and Medical Science in Mid-Late Nineteenth Century America

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서울대학교 인문대학 영어영문학과
영학논집 28(2008): 54-80
Medical ScienceDoctorsMid-Late Nineteenth Century AmericaInstitutionalizationSubject Matter of Literary Representation
The technological progress in mid-late nineteenth century America had
endowed doctors with the emblematic sigdcance to keep the moral integrity of
community, as well as the mental and p'hysical sanity of individuals. This paper
aims at scrutinizing how the changing social status of doctors and the rapid
progress of medical science have represented in the exemplary literary texts of
mid-late nineteenth century America. As the medical education had established
in late nineteenth century, the real doctors who had been blamed for "empiric"
have acquired the standardized medical skills and stable social standing.
Nevertheless, the texts from The Scarlet Letter, Huckleberry Finn, Pudd'nhead
Wilson, The Country of the Pointed Fir, and The Awakening revealed the
developmental phases of the heightening influence of doctors and medical
science; the literary crystallization on doctors and medical science has covered
from the yearning for creating a new social order to the hostile criticism for
limitation of medicinal power. The doctors and medical science came to be the
subject matter of literary interpretation, for the writers endeavored to gauge the
unpredictable aftermath of ever burgeoning medical knowledge which had
seeped through all the corners of our lives.
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College of Humanities (인문대학)English Language and Literature (영어영문학과)영학논집(English Studies)영학논집(English Studies) No.28 (2008)
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