Familial focal segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with an ACTN4 mutation and paternal germline mosaicism

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Choi, Hyun Jin; Lee, Beom Hee; Cho, Hee Yeon; Moon, Kyung Chul; Ha, Il Soo; Nagata, Michio; Choi, Yong; Cheong, Hae Il
Issue Date
National Kidney Foundation, Inc ;
Am J Kidney Dis 51:834-8,2008
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosisα-actinin 4α-actinin 4germline mosaicismcollapsing glomerulopathynephrinNPHS1 gene
Mutations in the ACTN4 gene cause focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), which shows autosomal dominant inheritance (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man No. 603278, FSGS1). Most patients with a diagnosis of FSGS1 show a mild to moderate degree of proteinuria during adolescence or later, and some patients gradually progress to end-stage renal disease. Here, we report a familial case of FSGS1 in which 2 affected siblings showed unusual clinical, pathological, and genetic features. Both patients presented with full-blown rapidly progressing nephrotic syndrome in early childhood. Renal pathological findings were of an FSGS collapsing variant and FSGS not otherwise specified. A novel ACTN4 mutation, p.Ser262Phe, was detected in the patients, and their father was found to have a germline mosaicism for the mutation. In addition, these siblings also had a heterozygous p.Thr5Met substitution in NPHS1, which encodes nephrin, although the functional significance of this substitution is unclear. This is the third clinical report of FSGS1 and the first case report of germline mosaicism confirmed in patients with hereditary podocyte disorders. FSGS1 may have widely variable clinical and pathological phenotypes and therefore should be considered in young children with full-blown and rapidly progressing nephrotic syndrome. The possibility of germline mosaicism makes interpretation of molecular diagnoses and genetic counseling more difficult.
0272-6386 (print)
1523-6838 (online)
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Pathology (병리학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_병리학전공)
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